Your Roof and its Parts

Posted on 11th October 2010 in Home & Garden

Even though most of the world lives in a home and is protected by a roof of some sort every day surprisingly few individuals have any idea what components are required to make the shelter we take for granted possible. Architectural and construction professionals aside, the structure of our homes and roofs are not something that many take the time to consider. There are two main components that are responsible for creating the ‘roof’ that has become the standard in the Western world at this time. These two elements are known as the supporting structure, the design that keeps the roof above us and not crashing down onto us, and the outer skin, the roof parts that endures the weather and that keeps us safe and dry. To learn the details of your specific roof visit

The supporting structure is generally held up by the walls of the building and is reinforced with long and sturdy beams. Timber and other solid woods were used for these beams but since the middle of the 19th century metals such as cast iron and steel have gained heavily in popularity as they are not susceptible to rot, mold or termite damage like wood. Interestingly the curving silhouette that is commonly linked with Oriental building structure is actually caused by the use of bamboo beams in their roofing. Bamboo is very sturdy and hard to break but has a flexibility that causes this phenomenon.

Generally the outer skin of your roof is made up of a few interworking components, each one necessary to provide the standard of shelter and comfort you have become accustomed to. The most common roofing materials are known as shingles or tiles. These shingles can be made from a wide variety of sources such as wood, copper, slate, concrete, asphalt, and fiberglass to name a few. Ceramic tiles are heavily used throughout the world. Some styles of roofing call for tar or gravel, such as flat roofs which are widely implemented in drier climates. The type of outer skin used on a structure is generally determined by the region the building is in and the weather patterns that area is used to. Wooden shingles are falling out of favor since they are more prone to rotting and because the manmade materials are becoming more and more able to reproduce textures and colors of the wooden shingles without the wear and tear. Roofs also need to have proper insulation and drainage for the climate the building resides in. These are considered to be a part of the outer skin. If you want to know more about what makes your Cleveland roof unique you can always research your specific style for a more in-depth analysis.

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